Eftimie, A; Heller, K & Strongman, J. (2009) ‘Gender Dimensions of the Extractive Industries: Mining for Equity’


Recognizing that resource projects can have both negative and positive local economic, environmental and social effects, Precept 5 outlines the internationally accepted frameworks governing resource extraction. One particularly salient issue guiding any framework is the protection of vulnerable groups, particularly women.

The report explores the different impact of the extractive industries (EI) upon men and women. In doing so focus is placed upon the implications of such differentiation for the sustainable development of their communities and the profitability of extractive industry projects. Gender is considered in terms of four different dimensions:

     - Employment and income: There are significant gender imbalances in access to jobs and the type of job.

     - Environment: Impacts upon the environment from EI operations can also affect agriculture and tasks such as water, fire and food collection, which are often the domain of women.

     - Community consultations: Women tend to be excluded from the decision making process regarding EI operations and resources.

     - Artisanal and Small-scale Mining:  Women tend to have unique roles in artisanal and small scale mining which create specific health and safety risks.

 The report also provides a number of suggestions for all stakeholders involved on how to address and mitigate gender based negative impacts of EI. These include, but are not limited to:

     - Supporting women’s employment in EI operations and support industries.

     - EI companies and governments can offer capacity building for women to take advantage of EI related business and employment opportunities.

     - EI companies and governments can facilitate gender-sensitive social baseline assessments and social mapping. 

Access the report here.