International Council on Mining and Metals (2011) ‘Mining: Partnerships for Development Toolkit‘


Recognizing that resource projects can have both negative and positive economic, environmental and social effects, Precept 5 outlines the internationally accepted frameworks governing resource extraction. The International Council on Mining and Metals toolkit provides a practical means by which costs and benefits can be measured, as well as a number of best practice guidelines for the industry.The toolkit consists of a methodology for the evaluation of positive and negative economic and social effects of mining in developing countries, addressing the local, national and regional levels. Users of the toolkit are able to develop and enhance the understanding of issues, policies and practices, which either help or hinder countries in which mining takes place. The toolkit is composed of eight stand-alone modules and an addendum on taxation: 

  • Module 1: “Mining and the host country” (p. 19). This involves preparing an overview of the country and its mining activities and an outline of factors which are influenced by mining.
  • Module 2: “The participating mining operation and its economic and social initiatives and partners” (p. 27). This involves developing a profile of mining operations along with the communities in which they are active.
  • Module 3: “Measuring the mining industry’s contribution to the host country” (p. 47). This involves understanding the change in broad based economic growth and social development of the country during mining.
  • Module 4: “The proximate aspects of governance that help or hinder mining’s economic and social performance” (p. 57). This involves identifying those elements of a country’s governance and macroeconomic management which could affect the benefits of mining.
  • Module 5: “Measuring the participating mine’s positive and negative contribution to local communities” (p. 75). This involves detailed consideration of the social and economic impacts.
  • Module 6: “Analyzing the life cycle impact of the participating mine on the host country’s macroeconomic aggregates” (p. 111). This involves measuring the contribution of the mine to, for instance, GDP, government revenue and balance of payments.
  • Module 7: “Impact of mining on governance” (p. 125). This involves examining direct and indirect effect of mining on governance structures, institutions and policy choices.
  • Module 8: “Communicating your findings” (p. 143). This involves preparing the case study and encouraging dissemination and debate.

Access the toolkit here.